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Homepage Study Work Sheet: Personal Pronouns
|1. Personal pronouns refer to the three possible subjects of speech: the person speaking (first person), the
person spoken to (second person), and the person or thing spoken about (third person).
|Upon using personal pronouns we need to take into consideration: number, gender, and case.|
- Number can be singular or plural. Singular: I Plural: we|
- Person can be: 1st person: I 2nd person: you or 3rd person: he
- Gender can be either: male he, female she, or neuter it.
|Personal pronouns can either be in: subjective, objective, or possessive case. And each case contains singular or plural pronouns.|
|Personal Pronouns - Three Cases|
|1. Subjective Case Pronouns||2. Objective Case Pronouns||3. Possessive Case Pronouns|
|he, she, it||him, her, it||his, her (hers), it (its)|
|1. Subjective Case: are pronouns used as the sentence subject.|
- The singular subjective case pronouns are: I, you, he, she, and it. Eg. Can you assist this woman?|
- The plural subjective case pronouns are: we, you, and they. Eg. They gave assistance to the woman.
|"Subject" pronouns proceed the verb. Eg. They gave assistance to the woman.|
"Subject Compliment" pronouns usually follow a linking verb. If the verb is linking, then the word that answers the what? or who?|
question is a subject complement. Eg. The winners were Jane and I.
|2. Objective Case: are pronouns used as objects of verbs or prepositions.|
- The singular objective case pronouns are: me, you, him, her, and it. Eg. The men assisted her up the stairs.|
- The plural objective case pronouns are: us, you, and them. Eg. For them, I'll do it.
|Objective Case pronouns: can function either as direct objects (DO), inderect objects (IO), or objects of prepositions (OP).|
|a) DO - Direct Object: only action verbs can have direct objects. Subject + Verb + What? or Who? = Direct Object|
|With most verbs the direct object can be a noun or a pronoun. The pronoun or noun can either be put before or after it.|
|Eg. John hit him hard. Our secretary quit on us today.|
b) IO - Indirect Object: An indirect object is always in a clause in which the main verb is a transitive active verb.
The IO is almost always the person "to whom" or "for whom" something is done.
|Eg. John admitted his love for Jane. The doctor precribed medicine for her headache.|
c) OP - Object of Preposition completes a prepositional phrase. The words after a preposition are said to be the object|
of the preposition. Eg. I went to the store with them. Preposition: with Pronoun: them
3. Possessive Case: Pronouns which express ownership.|
Eg. The police officer soon concluded that the car was mine.